was a barrier separating West Berlin from
East Berlin and the rest of East Germany. The longer 'inner
German border' demarcated the remainder of the East-West German
border between the two states. Both borders were part of the
The wall separated East Berlin and West Berlin for 28 years, from the day construction began on August 13, 1961 until it was dismantled in 1989, and was considered to be a longtime symbol of the Iron Curtain. During this period, at least 133 people were confirmed killed trying to cross the Wall into West Berlin, according to official figures.However, a prominent victims' group claims that more than 200 people had been killed trying to flee from East to West Berlin. The DDR/East German government gave shooting orders to border guards dealing with defectors; such orders are not the same as shoot to kill orders which DDR officials have denied exist.
When the East German government announced on November 9, 1989, after several weeks of civil unrest, that visits in West Germany and West Berlin would be permitted, crowds of East Germans climbed onto and crossed the wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere. Over the next few weeks, parts of the wall were chipped away by a euphoric public and by souvenir hunters; industrial equipment was later used to remove almost all of the rest of it.
The fall of the Berlin Wall paved the way for German reunification, which was formally concluded on October 3, 1990.
When the wall has fallen...
Building the wall in 1961.
View in 1986 from the west side of graffiti art on the
wall's infamous "death strip"
Soviet tanks on Leipziger Platz 17 June 1953.
Sovjettanks on the sector border in the Friedrichstrasse
28 October 1961.
The wall at the Heidelberger Strasse (1981).
Bernauer Strasse. Gable as a part of the wall.
Chausseestrasse in Wedding (1966).
Closed S-Bahnstation Bornholmer Strasse.
Flight from the east by the window. The sidewalk in
front of the houses was already Western Berlin..
View from the roof of the Reichstag on the Wall
and the Brandenburger Tor.
Potzdamer Platz 1965.
Confrontation of the Americans and Sovjets at Checkpoint
Charlie 26 October 1961.
Construction of the Wall 13 August 1961.
Mark where the wall stood.
East-side-gallery Muhlenstrasse 1990